Prostate Cancer Awareness Month - September

Posted by Molly Riedel on September 13, 2021

Prostate cancer awareness Month- September 2021

Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, where they may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.

Prostate cancer that's detected early — when it's still confined to the prostate gland — has the best chance for successful treatment.

Symptoms

Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages.

Prostate cancer that's more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • Bone pain
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Erectile dysfunction

When to see a doctor :   Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that worry you.

Causes:  It's not clear what causes prostate cancer.

Risk factors: Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:

  • Older age.Your risk of prostate cancer increases as you age. It's most common after age 50.
  • For reasons not yet determined, Black people have a greater risk of prostate cancer than do people of other races.
  • Family history.If a blood relative, such as a parent, sibling or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, your risk may be increased. Also, if you have a family history of genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a very strong family history of breast cancer, your risk of prostate cancer may be higher.
  • People who are obese may have a higher risk of prostate cancer compared with people considered to have a healthy weight, though studies have had mixed results.

Complications of prostate cancer and its treatments include:

  • Cancer that spreads (metastasizes)
  • Erectile dysfunction

Prevention -You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer if you:

  • Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. But eating a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables can improve your overall health.
  • Choose healthy foods over supplements.No studies have shown that supplements play a role in reducing your risk of prostate cancer. Instead, choose foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals so that you can maintain healthy levels of vitamins in your body.
  • Exercise most days of the week.Exercise improves your overall health; helps you maintain your weight and improves your mood. Try to exercise most days of the week. If you're new to exercise, start slow and work your way up to more exercise time each day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, add more exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat each day. Ask your doctor for help creating a plan for healthy weight loss.
  • Talk to your doctor about increased risk of prostate cancer.

References-

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer.html

Book: Mayo Clinic Essential Guide to Prostate Health

https://www.healthline.com/health/prostate-cancer/advanced-education/signs-advanced-prostate

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