Health & Wellness Blog

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Things to know about Skin Cancer

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1) Skin cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the skin. The skin is the body’s largest organ. The skin has several layers, but the two main layers are the epidermis (upper or outer layer) and the dermis (lower or inner layer). There are several types of cancer of the skin. The most common types are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, which are nonmelanoma skin cancers. Nonmelanoma skin cancers rarely spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma is a much rarer type of skin cancer. It is more likely to invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. Actinic keratosis is a skin condition that sometimes becomes squamous cell carcinoma.

2) Skin color and being exposed to sunlight can increase the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer and actinic keratosis. Anything that increases your chance of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk.

3) Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. The prognosis (chance of recovery) depends mostly on the stage of cancer and the type of treatment used to remove the cancer.

4) After nonmelanoma skin cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the skin or to other parts of the body. Cancer can spread through tissue, the lymph system, and the blood. 

5) There are different types of treatment for patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer and actinic keratosis. There are different types of treatment for patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer and actinic keratosis. Six types of standard treatment are used: Surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Photodynamic therapy, Biologic therapy, and Targeted therapy. Also, new types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.

For more information on any of these topics:


Posted by Philip Mowrey with
in skin

How to Protect Your Skin from the Sun

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Sunscreen alone is not enough—seek shade. Especially between 10am and 4pm. Our skin needs protection from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays whenever we are outdoors. Find shade under a tree, an umbrella, or a pop-up tent. Use these options to prevent sunburn, not to seek relief after it’s happened.

Cover up. When possible, long-sleeved shirts and long pants and skirts can provide protection from UV rays. A dry and darker colored t-shirt offers much more UV protection. Some clothing certified under international standards comes with information on its ultraviolet protection factor.

Get a hat. Hats that shade the face, scalp, ears, and neck are easy to use and give great protection. Baseball caps are popular among kids, but they don’t protect their ears and neck. If your child chooses a cap, be sure to protect exposed areas with sunscreen. 

Wear sunglasses. They protect your eyes from UV rays, which can lead to cataracts later in life. Look for sunglasses that wrap around and block as close to 100% of both UVA and UVB rays as possible.

Apply sunscreen. 
• Use sunscreen with at least SPF 15 and UVA and UVB (broad spectrum) protection every time you go outside. 
• For extended outdoor activity, use a water-resistant, broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher and apply sunscreen generously 30 minutes before going outdoors. 
• Be sure to protect ears, noses, lips, and the tops of feet.
• Apply 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of sunscreen to your entire body 30 minutes before going outside.
• Reapply every two hours or immediately after swimming or excessive sweating.
• Keep newborns out of the sun. Sunscreens should be used on babies over the age of six months.
• Remember to plan ahead, and keep sun protection handy—in your car, bag, or child’s backpack.

Avoid tanning and UV tanning beds.

All products do not have the same ingredients. If your or your child’s skin reacts badly to one product, try another one or call a doctor. 

Turning pink? Unprotected skin can be damaged by the sun’s UV rays in as little as 15 minutes. Yet it can take up to 12 hours for skin to show the full effect of sun exposure. 

Cool and cloudy? Everyone still needs protection. UV rays, not the temperature, do the damage. Clouds do not block UV rays, they filter them—and sometimes only slightly.

What Sunscreens work best? Here are Consumer Reports' suggested sunscreens:
La Roche-Posay Anthelios 60 Melt-in Sunscreen Milk SPF 60
Equate Sport Lotion SPF 50
BullFrog Land Sport Quik Gel SPF 50
No AD Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 50
Equate Ultra-Protection lotion SPF 50

Spray and stick
Trader Joe's Spray SPF 50
Up & Up (Target brand) Kids Sunscreen Stick SPF 55
Equate Sport Spray Broad Spectrum SPF 30

Posted by Molly Riedel with