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in Cancer

Breast Cancer

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“ …Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or be in dread of them, for it is the Lord your God who goes with you. He will not leave you or forsake you.” Deuteronomy 31:6

Fast Facts About Breast Cancer

  • Each year in the United States, more than 245,000 women get breast cancer and more than 40,000 women die from the disease. Other than skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among America women.
  • Men also get breast cancer, but it is not very common. Less than 1% of breast cancers occur in men.

How Can I Prevent Breast Cancer?

Mammograms are the best way to find breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. Recommendation: age 50 and every 2 years until age 70. If family history, discuss with your doctor.

  • Perform monthly breast self-exams: practice monthly breast self-examination. Instructions for breast self-examination can be found at the American Cancer Society Web site by typing "How to Perform a Breast Self-Exam." Talk to your daughters about monthly self-exam.

What Are the Symptoms?  Be familiar with how your breasts look and feel so you can notice symptoms.  These could include changes found during a breast self-exam. You should report any changes that you notice to your doctor or health care provider

There are different symptoms of breast cancer, and some people have no symptoms at all. Symptoms can include:

  • Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.
  • Pain in any area of the breast.
  • Nipple discharge other than breast milk (including blood).
  • A new lump in the breast or underarm.

Factors that influence your risk for breast cancer:

  • Being older, most breast cancers are found in women who are 50 years old or older. However, 10% are found in younger women.
  • Family History -  If you've had one first-degree female relative (sister, mother, daughter) diagnosed with breast cancer, your risk is doubled. If two first-degree relatives have been diagnosed, your risk is 5 times higher than average.
  • Having changes in your BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. The genes most commonly affected in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer are the breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer 2 (BRCA2) genes. About 3% of breast cancers (about 6,000 women per year) and 10% of ovarian cancers (about 2,000 women per year) result from inherited mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes
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Checking for Signs of Diabetes

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Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are chronically elevated. An estimated 10% of the US population is currently living with diabetes with that number expected to rise dramatically in the next few decades. The CDC estimates that as many as 1 in 3 Americans will be living with diabetes by mid-century. Diabetes is a dangerous disease as it affects not only quality of life, but greatly increases the risk for heart attacks, kidney failure, blindness and stroke.  

November is National Diabetes Month and a perfect time to increase awareness for the prevention, symptoms and management of this disease:  

  • TYPE 1 DIABETES: 5% of diabetes is caused by insulin-deficiency. This is known as Type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile diabetes). This autoimmune disease is triggered by the body’s own immune system attacking the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 is not preventable and must be treated with injections of insulin. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are extreme thirst, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination and fatigue. Type 1 commonly occurs in children and young adults, but may occasionally present in adults as well.  
  • TYPE 2 DIABETES: The majority of diabetics are living with type 2 diabetes which is  characterized by insulin resistance. In this form of the disease, the pancreas produces enough insulin but the body is not able to effectively use it due to the cells resistance to the uptake of insulin. Genetics, as well as lifestyle play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes which is usually preventable. Steps to prevent and control type 2 diabetes are:
    • Check your A1C: Know your numbers and have a fasting blood sugar done at least 1x per year; more often if you are at high risk.  
    • Physical activity: Aerobic exercise, resistance training and increased movement all contribute significantly to the body’s ability to respond to insulin.  
    • Lose weight through addition. Diets are usually only a temporary fix for weight loss, with most dieters adding the weight back on over time. An effective weight loss strategy focuses on adding in more high quality foods (vegetables, fruit, lean proteins, high-fiber carbohydrates, etc) and crowding out highly processed foods.  
    • Eat more plants: Plant based foods contribute to weight loss, blood sugar control and decreased inflammation.  A diet high in plant based foods has been proven in prevention and even reversal of type 2 diabetes. Legumes (beans, lentils, chickpeas, etc.) are especially effective in managing weight and improving blood sugar control.
    • Quit smoking. Smoking greatly increases risks for development of type 2 diabetes.  

Exodus 23:25  You shall serve the Lord your God, and he will bless your bread and your water, and I will take sickness away from among you.

by Amy Beyer
Fitness Instructor & Nutrition Coach, Kelly’s Bootcamp 

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Tags: diabetes